Monday, May 06, 2013

5/10 homework

chs. 13 and 14

1. What are the 8 basic roles of the President? (354-5)

2.What are the qualifications and term for President? (356-7)

3. What are the pay and benefits for the President? (358)

4. What amendment to the Const. adjusted the line of succession to the Presidency in 1967 and what is the line of succession? (359)

5. What is the absolute length of term can a President serve? (Me, in class!)

6. What is the importance of the Vice-Presidency? (361-2)

7. What does the term Imperial Presidency mean? (392)

8. What was William Howard Taft's view of Teddy Roosevelt? (392)

9. What are the executive powers of the President? (393-6)

10. What are the diplomatic and military powers of the President? (399-403)

11. What are the provisions of the War Powers Act of 1973? (403)

12. What is a line-item-veto and what supreme court case invalidated it? (407)

13. What is a "boondoggle"? (407 and me in class)

14. What is amnesty? (408)

5/17 homework

The Court System Ch. 18

Answer the following:
1. What is meant by the dual court system? (506)
2. What is original and appellate jurisdiction? (509)
3. What is judicial activism? (510)
4. How many federal judicial districts are there and what is their jurisdiction? (512)
5. How many circuit judges sit on the appellate courts and what is to sit en banc? (514)
6. What is judicial review and why is it central to the Rule of Law? (517)
7. Give a brief of the Marbury v. Madison case and explain why it set the precedent for judicial review? (518)
8. What is a writ of certiorari? (520)
9. What are Majority opinions, precedents, concurring opinions and dissenting opinions? (522)

Final Exam Study Guide

Gov't. final exam study guide

Gov’t study guide

Chapter 1Public policyLegislative,executive,judicial powersConstitutionDictatorship,democracy, state, sovereignAutocracy,oligarchy,plutocracyUnitary, federal, confederalPresidential, parliamentary

Chapter 2Limited gov’t, representative gov’tMagna carta, petition of rights, English bill of rights 1689Charter, proprietaryUnicameral, bicameralAlbany plan of union, popular sovereigntyArticles of ConfederationVirginia (Randolph), NewJersey (Patterson), Connecticut (Sherman)-Great {Compromises}Three-fifths, commerce and slave trade compromisesFederalists, Anti-Federalists, Federalist papers, quorum

Chapter 3Six basic principles of gov’t.Preamble, articles, amendmentsRule of law!Separation of powers, checks and balances, veto, judicial reviewMethods of amending the Const., bill of rights!Treaty, electoral college, cabinet, senatorial courtesy

Chapter 4Federalism, division of powerDelegated power, exclusive power, expressed power, implied power, inherent power, concurrent power, reversed powerRevenue sharing, block grants, categorical grants, grants-in-aidFull faith and credit clause! Privileges and immunities clauseExtradition

Chapter 5Political partiesPartisan, partisanshipParty in power vs. party out of powerTwo party systemMinor partiesSingle member districtSimple majority, majority, pluralityBipartisan, consensus, coalitionIncumbent, factions, electorate, sectionalismIdeological,single-issue,economic protest, splinter {parties}Ward, precinct, Party organsation

Chapter 6Suffrage, electorate, transient, poll books, literacy tests, poll taxGERRYMANDERINGPresidential vs. off year electionsPolitical efficacy and socializationParty ID, straight-ticket voting, split-ticket votingWhere do people get their political ideology?

Chapter 7Declaration of nomination, primaries, CAUCUS.!Direct primary, closed primary, open primary, blanket primary, runoff primaryAbsentee voting, types of ballots, coattail effectPOLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES (PACS)Soft vs hard money

Chapter 8Public opinion vs. public affairsMass mediaPeer groups, opinion leadersMandateInterest groups, straw votes, quota samplePublic agenda

Chapter 9Interest group and public policy, public affairsTrade associations, public-interest groupsPropaganda, single-interest groupsLOBBYINGGrass roots

Chapter 10Term vs. sessionQualification for house and senateApportion, apportionment, reapportionment, GERRYMANDERINGSingle-member districtsIncumbent, constituencyOversight function!Franking privilege.

Chapter 11Expressed, implied, inherent {powers}Strict vs. liberal (loose) constructionalistTaxes-direct, indirectPublic debt, bankruptcyEminent domain, copyrightElastic clause-necessary and proper clause.Impeachment (House Judiciary Committee is the first step)

Chapter 12House leadership, Senate leadershipCAUCUS, seniority rule, committee chairmen (committee is the answer!)Standing, select, joint and conference committeesResolutions, rider, Christmas tree bill, discharge petition, engrossedFilibuster, rule 22 of the senate, cloture motion.Veto, pocket veto.
Chapter 13Roles of the President (8)25th amendment, succession of the PresidentElectoral college!Powers of the President!War Powers Act of 1973Line-item veto

Chapter 18Diagram of the court structureInferior courts, jurisdictionCriminal vs. civil casesAdversarial structure

Free Response Study Guide

Gov't. free response study questions

Electoral College
1. Electoral math= # of representatives in the HOR + both senators to equal the number of electors for each state. California has 53 HOR members + 2 senators= 55 electors.
2. Census taken every 10 years on the 0 year to count all of the people to reallocate the seats in the HOR based on population.
3. Selection of Electors is done by the state political parties (Democrat, Republican, Green, etc.) and usually are people who have helped their party for a long time and this is a payoff for that work.
4. Election Day! popular vote [you and me vote] we really are voting for the elector from the political party of the candidate selected. *there are 538 (this includes the nonvoting 3 from the District of Columbia) NEED 270 ELECTORAL VOTES TO WIN.
5. Count the popular vote:
a. winner take all-simple majority of the popular vote gets all electors in the state
b. at large-split the vote by Congressional district with one vote for each. Candidate who wins the most districts also gets the 2 senatorial electors. Nebraska and Maine are the only two that use this system.
6. Slate of Electors: Each party has their own electors equal to the # of HOR members and senators. Following the election, the electors from the candidates party who won get the "call" for the official Electoral vote.
7. Monday after the second Wednesday in December the electors meet in the respective state capitals for a roll call vote. The official "Certificates of Vote" are then sent to the House and Senate to be read into the Congressional Record. The POTUS is officially selected and is designated President Elect.

1. Gerrymanding is the redrawing of Congressional district lines that favor one party over the other.
2. Census every 10 years on the 0 year to chart the population movement.
-reapportion the HOR after the census.
3. State Legislatures are in charge of redrawing the lines.

How a Bill Becomes a Law
1. Introduce the bill in the HOR or Senate
-appropriation bills must start in the HOR!
2. goes to committee then subcommittee
3. discharge petition to the full HOR
4. Rules Committee
5. HOR debates then votes on bill; passes bill.....
6. bill goes to the Senate to follow the same steps
(NO Rules Committee)
7. bill passes Senate
8. bill goes to the Conference Committee...passes to...
9. Presidential action - sign - veto - pocket veto

Presidential Succession

The 25th Amendment changed succession to:
# Office Current officer
1 Vice President of the United States Joe Biden (D)
2 Speaker of the House John Boehner (R)
3 President pro tempore of the Senate Patrick Leahy (D)
4 Secretary of State John Kerry (D)
5 Secretary of the Treasury Jacob Lew (D)
6 Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel (R)
7 Attorney General Eric Holder (D)
-- Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell (D)[3]
8 Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack (D)
-- Acting Secretary of Commerce Rebecca Blank (D)[4]
-- Acting Secretary of Labor Seth Harris (D)[4]
9 Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius (D)
10 Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Shaun Donovan (D)
11 Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood (R)
-- Acting Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman (D)[4]
12 Secretary of Education Arne Duncan (D)
13 Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric Shinseki (I)
14 Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano (D)